Antiques, Collectibles, & Memorabilia – Do You Know the Difference?

The world of antiques can be confusing. What’s the difference between an antique and collectible? Aren’t collectibles and memorabilia really the same thing? In this month’s column, I’ll de-mystify these terms, so that you’ll be appropriately armed for your next antique adventure.


Basically, an antique is something old that has value because of aesthetic or historical reasons. Generally, if a piece is over 100 years old, it is considered an antique. Although, I do know that some people use the 50-year mark for Canadian pieces; the rationale being that Canada is a young country relative to places such as Europe and Asia. However, I’m old fashioned and apply the 100-year definition to Canadian pieces.


A collectible is something that is less than 100 years old that has value because of aesthetic or historical reasons. This term fills the gap for valuables that aren’t quite old enough to be an antique.

One category of collectible is items with intrinsic artistic merit. A stunning Art Deco table fits into this category. It was beautiful when it was made in the 1930s, is beautiful today and will still be beautiful when it hits the 100-year old mark.

A second category is mass-produced collectibles. Beanie Babies, trading cards and Hummel figurines fit into this category. They don’t necessarily have a lot of artistic merit. But manufacturers have created desirability by producing limited editions.

Another category is items associated with particular people. For example, anything worn by the Beatles or Elvis Presley is collectible.


There is a difference between collectibles and memorabilia. Collectibles are things that are ornamental. They never served an utilitarian purpose. A piece of memorabilia served a particular purpose. Movie posters, sports programs, cameras, television sets and musical instruments are all examples of items that fall into this category. Movie posters were used to sell movies. Sports programs were used to communicate information. And, cameras, television sets and musical instruments all serve a function.

Source by Martin Swinton

The Manly Handbook

After a dozen or so readings, I still get a laugh out of this handy reference to manhood. I lost my first copy to one of my drinking buddies, so it was in good hands (or so I thought). My second copy has been closely guarded for several years in case I have to review manly conduct…like sleeping rigidly flat on my back, with one eye opened or face down in a drunken sprawl, hang gliding in enemy territory or white water canoeing and being attacked by depraved hillbillies.

The manly handbook will re-teach you everything that you need to know about dining (anything fried or with additives), grooming (your own sweat is deodorant), dating (any chick at the juke box is making a pass at you), philosophy (“a man’s gotta do, what a man’s gotta do,” “What’s it to you?”), your best friend (your car), respecting your mom (let her cook you a meal), history (Ghengis Khan’s life, the Alamo) and entertainment (eg. Mickey Spillane novels).

If you have had it with feminist attitudes, commie propaganda, metrosexuals and Richard Simmons, well, then partner, you need to grab yourself a copy of The Manly Handbook. I mean drop that quiche, bean sprouts and daytime television, like now, soldier. Any meal not spent eating red meat with red dye, pork rinds and scrambled eggs is just plain weak. Any time not spent on your car, bending elbows at the bar or watching a Sam Peckinpah movie is a man’s life wasted. So, catch up on the good stuff and read this book.

Source by Doug Setter

Basic Palmistry Part II

Palmistry, also known as Chiromancy, is the art of telling a person’s fortune by looking at the lines and bumps on a person’s hand. However, since the 1920s, the art of Chiromancy has come a long way. Chirognomy is a related science in which hand shape; finger shape, fingers, nails and the texture and consistency of the flesh are examined in order to get a glimpse into the inner workings of the personality. Dermatoglyphics is the study of ridge patterns and formations found on the fingertips and palm itself to detect and diagnose inherited diseases. However here we are dealing with what I would call the “Romany Reader Basics” of the Art.

In an earlier New Age Notebook called Basic Palmistry I identified the major lines and mounts of the human hand. In this article we are going to examine other kinds of markings and characteristics that are common indicators of personality, temperament and fate.

Bubbles and Loops – Bubbles and loops that occur on life lines, heart lines and fate lines indicate significant episodes in your life or a life that is broken by many odd experiences. Strong clean lines without bubbles are always preferable if you are looking for a serene and quiet life.

Broken Lines – These usually indicate that a life will be disrupted in an upsetting manner. A broken lifeline can mean an early or tragic life. A break in the head line can mean a period of insanity or mental illness.

Crosses and cross-hatching: These marks on any mound or area of the hand often represent stressful influences, events or people. Usually the influence is a significant or important relationship. The deeper the line the more traumatic or life-defining the experience is said to be. The nature of the event is determined on which mound you find the cross or cross-hatching.

For instance, if you have a lot of cross-hatching on your Mound of Lower Mars you may encounter a lot of war or violence in your life. Crosses and cross-hatching on your Mound of Apollo can indicate troubles with career, confidence and success. On the outer edge of the hand, just below the little finger and the Mound of Mercury such marks are said to indicate how many children are in your future. If horizontal lines or cross-hatching occurs on your thumbs or fingertips it is a sure sign that you are under too much stress.

Attachment lines: These are lines that occur above the heart line and wrap from the side of the hand and extend out beneath the little finger. This is supposed to indicate the number of significant relationships or attachments you will have in your life.

Healer Stigmata: a long horizontal line that is crossed by three shorter lines indicates this. It is a symbol of natural healing abilities and usually occurs on the mound of Mercury just below the little finger.

Squares: If you find a square on your hand it means that you are a teacher or natural born leader and meant to enlighten others. The area of interest where you will excel is indicated where it is placed on a mound. For instance, a square that is found on the mound of Mercury indicates a career in teaching or education. A square found on the Mound of Venus below the thumb can indicate a nurse, doctor or healer.

Feathery light lines: These can be found all over the hand and are usually an indication of failing health. If the lines travel up from the wrist to the little finger it can indicate a chronic disease or disability.

X’s: X’s found anywhere in the palm usually indicate travel. If it is found on either of the Mounds of Upper or Lower Mars or on the plain of Mars it means traveling as a result of war or a military career. An X on the mound of Venus (below the thumb) means relocating for love and on the mound of Jupiter an X can mean relocating for reasons to do with career advancement.

Triangles: Triangles anywhere on the palm indicate a decent upbringing and emotional or intellectual strength. This once again depends which mound the triangle is found on. For example: a triangle found on the Mound of Venus indicates emotional strength and understanding when it comes to love. A triangle found on the mound of Saturn beneath the third finger indicates incredible physical and emotional endurance during times of trouble.

The Ring of Solomon: This is a line that circles the base of the Jupiter finger (index finger) and is found in the hands of those who are said to be psychic. It is also believed to represent royal blood or ancestry.

Stars: A star-shaped hatching of lines can mean that you will enjoy especially good fortune …

Easy Piano Lessons – How to Play the Song Lightly Row on the Piano

Lightly Row is a popular song which uses a range of only 5 notes. This makes it very easy to play on the piano because you can play it easily in one hand.

Here are the lyrics for the song:

Light-ly row, light-ly row,

O’er the glas-sy waves we go!

Smooth-ly glide, smooth-ly glide,

On the sil-ent tide.

Let the winds and wa-ters be

Ming-led with our me-lo-dy.

Sing and float, sing and float

In our lit-tle boat!

Hyphens are used to separate words with 2 or more syllables. This makes it easier to match the lyrics with the tune.

This song can be played in either the right or the left hand only. The range of notes is between Middle C and the G above. Try this piece first in the right hand. Then play it 8 notes (one octave) lower in the left hand. If you feel brave, play both hands together one octave apart. This is called playing in unison.

Here are the notes of Lightly Row:

G E E, F D D,

C D E F G G G,

G E E, F D D,

C E G G E.


E E E E E F G.

G E E, F D D

C E G G E.

There are 8 lines in the song. Which lines are identical? Notice in the first line that the the first 3 notes are G E E. This pattern then repeats one note lower. You then play F D D. This is called a falling pattern. It is a very helpful way of learning and remembering piano music.

Source by Andrea Monk

Mixed Media Painting Tips

I have been painting, as a hobby and commercially, for approximately 10 years now. I first started with acrylics but have more recently dabbled in watercolors. I have always loved texture in my art work but could never afford to buy oil paints. I consider myself quite a resourceful person and this has led me to think out of the box. I will hopefully enlighten you as to some of my more creative ideas which you may want to incorporate into your own pieces.

Before I start I apply Gesso primer to my canvases. This assists with ensuring any medium added to the canvas adheres well.

Tip One

I have found a product called “Decorator’s Caulk” which works as a great way of adding texture to your canvas. I buy trade tubes which can be fitted to a “Sealant Gun” and this is the tool I use to apply the caulk to the canvas. From there you have to let your imagination take over. I use a large pallet knife as well as various other tools to manipulate the caulk across the canvas.

The caulk can be found in all trade shops and is not a specific art product. It is normally used to fill gaps and cracks in walls. It can take up to one one hour to dry but this will depend on how thickly you applied it to the canvas. I just touch it lightly and you can tell when it has hardened. You are then ready to paint over it. You will find acrylic paint sticks to it with no fuss. The result is awesome and you have the perceived texture of an oil painting but at very little cost.

Tip Two

Crepe paper is a cheap and interesting way to add texture. I usually make a solution of PVA glue with some water to assist with sticking the paper to the canvas. Again your own imagination has to come to play here and depending on the look you want as to how layered and textured you want your piece to be.

Tip Three

Plaster of paris infused crepe bandages. These are a tad messy to work with but the results can look fantastic. I find that rather than trying to achieve a perfectly smooth finish it can look great if you leave it rough and if not all of the bandage is covered with the plaster of paris it adds a mottled porous look which is spectacularly organic in its texture.

Tip Four

Rope of all size and thickness can add a really great three dimensional quality to your piece. I use decorator’s caulk to stick it to the canvas as not only does this act as a great adhesive you can also paint over it quite easily.

Tip Five

Cutting into the canvas. I know this sounds like a cardinal sin but the results can be quite spectacular. I have created many industrial looking pieces by combining rope, netting, plaster of paris and by cutting into the canvas and bending it back upon itself you can achieve a very raw look.

These are just a few ideas which will hopefully fire up your imagination and assist you with trying out different materials. I am sure your artwork will take on a whole new look and feel with the added bonus of very little cost.

Source by Carol Ann Hannah

Become a Monster Energy Girl and Make Money Promoting a Fun Lifestyle

Monster Energy Drink Girls are sexy, spunky and adrenaline rush junkies that make over $25 per hour to promote the lifestyle of Monster Energy Drink. Beverage Suppliers are responsible for marketing the lifestyle of their brand. The lifestyle of an energy drink is exciting, adrenaline pumping and fun. These companies are looking for attractive girls that can deliver the exciting lifestyle message of the brands. The Power and Confidence that a Beverage Promotional model feels as she is entertaining consumers is intoxicating.

These girls are able to escape reality and enjoy themselves on the weekend at special events while hundreds of people are lined up to take photos with them. Have you ever seen a Monster Energy Girl at a Car show or MotoCross Event? They are having the time of their lives interacting with interesting people.

Becoming a Monster Energy Drink Girl or any other type of beverage promotional models is attainable for any girl that loves to entertain people and is over the age of 18. Girls that have charisma and love to be the center of attention are highly sought after by major beverage companies.

4 Ways to Become a Monster Energy Drink Girl

1. You can actually apply on their corporate website but they are in the business of making and marketing their beverage. The girls they hire are actually girls that they use on their site and for certain special events.

2. You can apply to certain marketing agencies that are in your area that do monster or any other beverage promotions.

3. Do a search on Google for event staffing companies that are in your area or are national event marketing agencies that handle beverage promotions.

4. Get in contact with your local Coke Distributor as they are the national distributor for Monster Energy Drink and ask them who they use to do their monster promotions.

If you are sexy, attractive, confident and able to entertain consumers, then you are the type of girl that should make money doing beverage promotions.

Source by Paul Boss Gage

Intellectual Property Issues Within the Supply Chain

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) are of the utmost importance in today’s capital markets. Not only do they provide protection for innovations which have been developed, but they now offer revenue generating opportunities for proactive companies looking to license or sell their products into new markets.

Unfortunately, there is an oft overlooked aspect of IPR. This is the impact to a company’s supply chain. Specifically what happens if a third party hits you with an infringement claim for technology which is in a vendor supplied component? Or what happens if a vendor goes out of business or decides to get out of a line of business which manufactures a key part for your product? Will your business be hamstrung by someone else’s decision?

Let’s examine how to mitigate the risks associated with those scenarios so that you can keep selling your products.

Build to Spec vs. Build to Print

First some definitions which you should already be aware of, but are worth refreshing. “Build to spec” is when a company literally instructs a vendor to build something that is a certain size and has specific operational parameters. The degree to which the component is specified may vary, but ultimately the vendor is free to use their own design expertise and manufacturing know-how to produce the parts they will supply to you. The benefit is that the vendor retains the responsibility and liability for design and part quality, which may reduce your overhead since you do not need to maintain in-house expertise in an area of subject matter that is not a core competency for your company. The definitive drawback is that the vendor owns the IPR on that part, which may be a key component to your product. More on the impact of this later.

“Build to print” is when a company not only specifies the functional requirements of the part, but they produce assembly drawings, work instructions and call out specific manufacturing practices to be used in producing the parts. This method requires more work and development cost on the part of the company, but the advantage lies in maintaining control of the IPR and having the ability to select any appropriate vendor to produce parts for you. This approach is more costly since you would likely be responsible for design and quality liability issues. Nevertheless, if you possess the subject matter expertise it is always better from the perspective of IPR to design “in-house.” This approach also makes subsequent vertical integration of your business easier.

Clearance Search / Non-Infringement Assessment

When introducing a new product, a patent clearance search is an essential part of business risk mitigation. A clear path to non-infringement of existing patents and applications provides confidence to launch your new ideas.

While most companies work with their legal counsel to ensure their own intellectual property position is secured and they have freedom to operate, most neglect to consider the risk mitigation needs within their vendor base.

All companies need to work with their vendors to ensure a clear path to non-infringement exists. If not, the company may be subject to a claim of direct or contributory infringement resulting from an issue with a vendor supplied component.

These claims can damage the company’s brand and reputation and could even lead to monetary damages to the third party, even though the infringement was on the part of the vendor.

There is a way to mitigate this risk, but there is more than just simply requesting indemnification. Protocols such as a patent clearance search and non-infringement analysis by your vendors should be mandated as part of the qualification process.

Be wary of someone who tells you they’ve looked into third party IPR and it “doesn’t matter” or “won’t be a problem” without sufficient supporting material.

Indemnification Clauses in Supply Agreements

Beyond mandating that a patent clearance search be completed for vendor supplied parts, as the buyer/licensee, you should require explicit language in the supply agreement(s) to cover indemnification from third-party infringement lawsuits.

“The use of [product] by [the buyer/licensee] shall not infringe or otherwise violate the industrial or intellectual property rights of any third party of which [the seller/licensor] has knowledge. If any third party shall assert that [the buyer’s/licensee’s] practice of the Licensed Rights under [the Supply Agreement], whether resultant from explicit knowledge [the buyer/licensee] had or should have had through reasonable due diligence, shall constitute an infringement or misappropriation of that party’s industrial or intellectual property rights, [the seller/licensor] shall in accordance with this Article defend, indemnify and hold [the buyer/licensee] harmless against any and all such claims.”

A request for the licensor to carry insurance in regards to this matter may also be inserted into the supply agreement depending on how much negotiating leverage the buyer maintains. Additionally, most supply agreements provide a use license to …

Marketing by Influences of Consumer's Desires About Products and Services

Marketing definitely influences consumer's desires about products and services. Marketing agencies "target" specific demographic groups to influence them to purchase products that are in fashion, in hot demand or the latest infomercial craze. For example, children and young adults are targeted by marketing agencies to develop new desires for video games, iPod's, Elmo's, and Nerf Guns. None of these items falls under the preexisting need criteria. Adults are targeted to buy big ticket items like fancy cars, vacations and the best label top designer clothes to wear that fits nicely on their slim bodies shaped through the newest diet pill.

Even better, agencies advertise cosmetic surgery to tell people they can look like their favorite Hollywood star. These are all examples of developing dew desires. In fact, even when marketing agencies do respond to pre-existing needs, such as food and clothing, the marketer's job is to convince the consumer to purchase the best. Assuming that travel is a requirement, marketing agencies spend a lot of money convincing consumers that they need a Porsche for their basic travel needs when a Ford Focus will get them to the same location.

Marketers create innovative ways to advertise cell phones by linking specific phones with popular entertainers or sports stars. The implication is that, if you use this cell phone you will be as "cool" as the entertainer. This has no relationship to whether a cell phone is a basic need.

Marketing does have a role in addressing real needs and making sure consumers are aware of their options to buy something basic or extravagant. However, in today's world, my impression is that the vast majority of marketing techniques are heavily weighed towards creating new desires as opposed to addressing basic needs.

Source by Nathan E Peterson

Do’s and Don’ts of Painting a Wooden Playhouse Like an Expert

What better way is there to make an immediate change to your child’s wooden playhouse than with a new paint job? When you are ready to paint your kids playhouse and you want to keep it looking exceptional for years to come, there are several things that you definitely need to do and other things you want to avoid.

The following is a list of Do’s and Don’ts on how to expertly paint your wooden playhouse so it will last for years into the future:

  1. Do prepare ahead of time your playhouse for painting. Prepare your playhouse by gently scraping any loose, dried or flaking old paint using a putty knife or sander while being careful not to damage the wood underneath.
  2. Do seal any cracks around windows or doors. If there are cracks where two wooden surfaces join together use caulk to seal the cracks. This will keep the moisture outside of the playhouse.
  3. Do use a high quality primer to paint all of the wooden playhouse surfaces. Using a primer helps to increase the adhesion of the paint to wooden surfaces as well as increasing the waterproof properties of the exposed wooden surfaces.
  4. Do use an exterior grade paint. Exterior grade paint is formulated to withstand the weathering that a wooden playhouse will experience in its lifetime. Interior grade paint will not stand up against rain and snow. If an interior grade paint is used on surfaces exposed to the outdoors, in a few months after painting the paint will begin to flake and come loose.
  5. Do paint over using the same type of paint used previously. If a water based paint (latex) was used last, then use a water paint this time to paint the playhouse. Use an oil-based paint to paint over a previously oil-based painted surface. If in doubt, use a water-based paint because it is easier to apply, fast-drying, helps prevent moisture problems, and the clean up is easier.
  6. Do paint from the top down. Start with the fascia board and gables first. Then move to painting the sides of the playhouse, followed by the windows and trim. The playhouse door is the last thing to be painted.
  7. Do plan your painting around the sun and weather. Try to work your painting around where the sun is not. In the morning, paint the west and south sides and in the afternoon, paint the east and north side in the afternoon.
  8. Don’t prime or paint over caulk that has not dried fully. Upon drying, the wet caulking will crack and peel along with the primer or paint that was just applied.
  9. Don’t paint over chipped or flaking old paint. Painting over dried or flaking paint with new paint will guarantee that the new paint will chip off faster in the near future.
  10. Don’t wait to paint new wood. New wood should be painted as soon as possible to prevent deterioration of the surface.

A good exterior painting job will extend the life of your wooden playhouse. With these tips, you will be ready to paint like a pro. Your kids will be extremely happy that their newly painted playhouse will last for many years into the future.

Source by Sharon Marsh

Disadvantages of Computers in the Classroom

To start the most significant fact that should be stated is that the computer is a tool, and as with any educational tool, from books to crayons, it can be used to enhance the curriculum and promote learning, but it can also be misused and abused. In this essay, I will discuss the disadvantages of having computers in the classrooms due to the misuse and the abuse of this tool.

I found it hard to find research that had been done on this topic because not only is the research on the effectiveness of computers in the classroom scarce but the research that is there is often done by software companies and therefore may be biased. (Emmans 2001). Even though there is no clear-cut answer to the question of a computer being a friend or foe in the classroom, having an unsolvable question of good or bad brings many issues to light.

For example, the fact that much of the software designed for children is appealing to them. If nothing else, it at least holds the children’s attention. Though this may seem like a positive characteristic, consider this, just because a television show holds your attention, does it necessarily educate you? The answer to this is simple, maybe some do, but certainly not all do, mostly they are just simply entertaining. This causes me to raise an eyebrow at some, not all, software. As a teacher, one must not use time-fillers, cause a child can watch television or play on a computer at home, but as a teacher, we must educate, and if there is no educational value in the software, what good is it for a teacher?

On the defense for teachers, another reason for computers being a shortcoming is that sometimes the software is not obvious that it is non-educational. This can be a common mistake of any educator, being fooled that a product could be educational when it is merely entertainment software dressed up in an educational costume aimed at these gullible teachers.

According to Cindy C. Emmans (2001), a professor of Educational Technology at Central Washington University, on software in the classroom…

” Often feedback is the key to learning, and computers are appealing because this feedback can be immediate, which is of course a very effective learning tool. Unfortunately, this feedback is not often as effective as it might be, perhaps because it is not easy to return to the original question to try again, or the student must begin at the beginning to review the original content rather then backing up a step or two. In some cases, the feedback for the wrong answers is more appealing than that for the right answer, causing students to try and get the wrong answer simply for the entertainment value”.

Gerald W. Bracey sums it up adequately in a journal article called Principal by basically saying that the bells and whistles are all there, but the education is not, because it was not produced by someone who understands how children learn. (1996, p.6).

More arguments in the research area continued in September of 2000, the Alliance for Childhood published a statement against the use of computers in schools. More than 85 experts in various fields including psychiatry, education, and philosophy signed the statement in which calls for a suspension on the promoting introduction of computers into the nation’s elementary schools until there is a more careful assessment of their effect (Hafner, 2000). Another influence in opposition to computers in classrooms is that of Jane Healy, an educational psychologist and the author of “Failure to Connect,” a book criticizing educational applications of computers. Thomas Crampton interviewed Mrs. Healy and she declared that computers “can hurt children’s personal skills, work habits concentration, motivation, (and) the development of social skills” (IHT, October 2000, p. 19).

Another reason that computers in the classroom would prove to be a disadvantage is the availability of computers in the classroom to each individual student. It is rare to find a school that, in each classroom, has a computer supplied for each student. This then brings up the problem of scheduling and rotating the students to the computers available. (Tiene 2001) This begins a whole new ball game in which you are now consuming a lot of time in which could be used for more productive measures rather then scheduling computer time for each student. If this is the case, and only a specific amount of students can be on the computer at one time, then you are dividing your classroom, and not integrating it, as it should be. This causes many difficulties in teaching a whole group instruction, which leads to problems in skill development, since the attention of some students is lacking. (Tiene 2001).

On the Colorado state education web site (2003), I …

The Origin, Characteristics and Uses of Roman Lettering

The Roman lettering style was developed from an old inscription found at the foot of a column built by Emperor Trojan in Rome in 113 B.C. A Frenchman called Nicholas Jenson first created the Roman lettering style in the fifteenth century precisely in 1470. It is also referred to as ‘Classical Roman lettering’ or ‘Quadrata’. The Roman alphabet took at least seven centuries to develop and did not contain the letters, J, U, and W.

Roman letters have ornamental or finishing strokes called serifs at both the top and bottom parts of the letters. These serifs give the vertical strokes of the letters stability and also make the letters graceful. The serif may be angular, thin, rounded or rectangular in their representations. This accounts for the varieties of serifs such as beaked serif, hairline serif, bracketed serif, sheared serif and slab serif.

There are other features that distinct this style of lettering from other forms of lettering. The letters have varying strokes of thick and thin. The vertical strokes are generally thick while the horizontal strokes are usually thin. Also, the letters have different proportions or sizes due to the transcending of thick and thin strokes. They are extremely beautiful and attractive because of the diversity in their stroke formation. Variety, which is a feature that breaks monotony or one format, is highly acclaimed with elegance by many people.

In addition, the letters stand erect or upright. This formal outlook of this lettering style makes it very appropriate to be used for official documents. This explains why mot documents for such purposes are usually restricted to be created in this lettering style.

Furthermore, the letters are carefully drawn or constructed. Due to the close attention paid to proportion and space, measuring devices are used by amateur designers who create these letters manually. Measuring tools on design software help in creating accurate representations of letters on personal computers.

This lettering is widely used for various purposes. It is used in writing the reading materials in books, newspapers, and magazines due to its excellent trait of readability. Also, they are used in designing packages for products and greeting cards for wishing people success in examinations, speedy recovery in ill health situations and many others. Again, they are used in writing the text on posters, banners, and other visual communication tools. Moreover, messages on citations are written in Roman lettering style. Names of participants in workshops, seminars, and other educational programmes are written in roman lettering styles on certificates.

It is one of the elegant lettering styles that ensure the designing of products in visual communication. Its rudiments must be carefully mastered and utilised by artists to achieve the maximum benefits.

Source by Dickson Adom

Solar Cell Phone Charger – Discover The Interesting Facts on Having One

Charger is basically the unit utilized to charge up your electronic appliances. Mobile phone can also be referred to as electronic device and if you need to start your cell phone, then you must need to charge it up for usage. There are several ways of charging your cell phone, you may plug it in your computer while you’re at your office during work, or place it in your dashboard even while you’re driving in your car.

No matter how anyone charges it, the following solar battery charger will probably be ready when you need in order to charge your phone, camera, MP3 player, and other gadgets. Charging some mobile phones for about 10 minutes allows you to call someone or about 3 minutes. Whenever you are out of your office or your home, you can make solar power through a sunny window.

Solar cell phone charger one of the hottest items of world’s only pocket-sized photovoltaic lighter which is also the lightest and most compact solar charger in the world. Only weighing about 9 ounces, this foldable charger fits mostly in any bags, be it from laptop bags or backpacks. Not to mention that it is powerful enough to charge any of your personal electronic gadgets or equipments.

Solar cell phone chargers have this advantage since they are connected to the solar cell panels; it provides a battery backup for storing solar power. A Turbo recharge facility that is available in such chargers makes certain that the phone is not impaired or overcharged unlike the conventional electrical solar battery chargers.

Solar cell phone chargers function by changing the sun’s energy into electricity can be used to charge your current cell phone. The solar cells on the mobile phone charger connect to an inside battery which will carry a full charged cell phone (sometimes it rather depends on the product you have).

Solar cell phone chargers have become more popular since a lot of people start seeing the value relying on renewable energy. Not only does it help you save a lot of money on your power bill, but it is also an excellent power back-up once you encounter power outage and you can still be able to use your cell phone or any electrical gadgets without worrying about the power loss.

Solar cell phone battery chargers are powered via direct sunlight; there is no need to use electrical energy. During an emergency, such as earthquake, blizzard, and hurricane are mostly the causes of power outage, leaving behind the residents not having ways to contact their family members, relatives or friends.

Powering even the smallest of appliance that has a clean energy source go a long way in cutting down your carbon presence. Using a solar power mobile phone charger is just one-step in this particular direction. This portable charger collects energy from the heat of the sun, or through an electrical socket which will then store that energy in an internal battery.

Solutions such as the solar battery chargers should be available for everyone as well as easy to buy, no matter where you are located. This is a very commendable strive.

Source by Sallie Obin

Marilyn Monroe Artwork by Andy Warhol

Andrew Warhola (known as Andy Warhol) painted a variety of paintings of the actress Marilyn Monroe after she committed suicide in 1962. Warhol made it his goal to mass-produce his art by using a method called silk screen. This method involves enlarging and transferring a photo on to silk. A variety of colors are printed on to a screen using a rubber squeegee.

For his paintings of Marilyn Monroe, Warhol used a photograph by Gene Korman from a public shot for the film, Niagara. Andy Warhol painted Marilyn Monroe's paintings with one green, blue, lemon yellow turquoise. Next he silk screened her face on top. In this way, he created different styles and depicted many different colors. In the paintings, she was either by herself, multiplied in a grid or doubled. After four months, Andy Warhol's paintings were complete. Andy Warhol issued a portfolio of his Marilyn Monroe paintings in 1967.

Andy Warhol interest in fame inspired him to make his Marilyn Monroe paintings. Warhol claimed Marilyn Monroe as a star. He was fascinated by her beauty and thought of her as a role model. In his art work, he portrayed Monroe as not only beautiful, but also dark and mysterious. Warhol invented the phrase, "fifteen minutes of fame" which means a celebrity such as Monroe catches the public's attention for a short lived period of time. Then, the media moves on to other celebrities who fascinate the world.

Andy Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology with a major in pictorial design. After graduating, he started his career as a commercial illustrator. After failed attempts at exhibiting his work in the 1960s, Warhol decided to incorporate pop culture into his works of art. Known as pop art, Warhol used every day objects as subjects for his paintings. He became famous as "Pope of Pop" for his paintings. In addition to Marilyn Monroe, Warhol painted other celebrations in "The Factory", Andy Warhol's studio in New York.

Those interested in Andy Warhol's artwork and paintings of Marilyn Monroe can view them at the Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Andy Warhol Museum is one of the largest museums featuring only one artist in the world. The museum features more than four thousand works of art by Warhol. His works of art include paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, films and videos. In addition to Warhol's artwork, visitors can find information on Andy Warhol's life.

Source by Mark Traston

10 Ways to Make Money form Sugar Daddy Dating Sites

We know it sounds cruel, but these adult singles want to buy sugar babies a lot of gifts, we just have the right ways you should ask for them. These Sugar Daddy singles don’t mind spending money, actuallly it’s a nice way of making guys feel like a Super Cool Sugar Daddy. We all want to help others and like to treat our sugar babies nicely, the problem is when sugar babies do not appreciate it. So I found a great guide for Sugar Babies from Adult Singles Dating that talks about Free Dating Sites and how Sugar Babies can get everything they want by asking properly.

Ask about interest on your Credit Cards

Men love to Teach and Instruct a Woman

By asking a sugar daddy about interest on a credit card and what is the best way to handle your credit cards. Your Sugar Daddy will begin to explain that monthly interest can be expensive and will begin to want to help you in getting that cleaned up. By wanting him to teach you about managing your money because he is so good at it, you then can ask to start from a clean slate by him offering to help pay for the amount due the next month. After paying the credit card he can help you budget your money and will offer some additional cash to get you started.

Date a Sugar Daddy that has just been divorced

Most men want to make their ex jealous. All you will need to do is act pretty and go to the same shopping centers, restaurants and other areas where his friends will be. He will spoil you tremendously because he knows his ex wife will find out.

Cook a Dinner and run out of Milk

Cook a delicious meal for him, and wear just about the sexiest thing you can. Ohh, tell him you need to buy some food from the store and can you borrow some money. You Sugar Daddy will be mezmorized by your cute outfit and give you the black america express. Have Fun!!!

Wear a skirt cross your legs and ask politely

Always show a little leg and cross them so you look elegant. It is much easier to give money to a sugar baby that is elegant than sloppy.

Workout together and be amazed at what he can do

When working out together be his personal spotter of course be sure to wear some tight pants and proper athletic attire. Be mesmorized at how athletic he is and continuously grab his arms. Sugar Daddies love that and it will make them feel like a Super hero. By the end of the night a expensive dinner and entertainment will be yours for the taking.

Never Pick up your Cell or Home Phone and tell him your cell phone sucks

This is a great way to receive a new cell phone from a Sugar Daddy, just tell him you have been meaning to get a cell phone or a new one, but just haven’t got around to doing it. You will have a nice pretty cell phone in no time. But Becareful you better be a loyal sugar baby and not be using the phone for any discreet dating.

Tell him you want to dress sexy FOR HIM for a Night in the Town!!!

This is a great way for a sugar baby to get a new dress. Make sure to say it is for him and that you want to get something he will really enjoy tonight. This one is a 2 in one package, you will receive a trip to the mall and a great exciting dinner and dancing. Nothing makes a sugar daddy happier than a hot date which he can show off!!

Talk about your Sugar Daddies Car

When in the car with you sugar daddy talk about how you love the car he drives. Nothing makes a Sugar Daddy happier than to have someone talk about his vehicle. The more you talk about the car the more you can drop the seed that you would like a matching one just like his. In about a month or two you will have a brand new sugar baby car that matches his.

Talk about how you miss your Family that is out of town

A Sugar Daddy is not going to want to travel to see a family across the state, but he will most likely give you a free plane ticket. Just keep talking about how you miss your family and how it gets lonely by yourself when he is working. Ta-Da!!! One first class ticket to your parents house.

Ask how he manages his money so well and how became so successful

This is probably the best strategy to get you …

Van Gogh Prints – The Red Vineyard

Vincent Van Gogh painted “The Red Vineyard” in November of 1888. It was supposedly his only painting that he sold during his lifetime. It was sold to Anna Boch, who was an impressionist painter and art collector, at the annual exhibition of the artist group called “Les XX”. The group was composed of 20 Belgian artists who are now considered some of the world’s greatest artists in history. Included in the group, in addition to Vincent Van Gogh, was the likes of Claude Monet, Georges Seurat, Paul Gauguin and Paul Cezanne.

The painting was sold for about 400 francs in 1890, which is equivalent to about $1,000 today. The painting is now stored at the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow. Although the painting has never been put up for sale and it would be difficult to estimate its value, Van Gogh’s paintings have sold from $60 to $140 million.

Interpretation of The Red Vineyard

Van Gogh was living in Arles, France in 1888 with Paul Gauguin. He had written a letter to his brother Theo, who was an art dealer in Paris, stating that he was working on a vineyard painting that he had painted from memory after an evening stroll,

a red vineyard, all red like red wine. In the distance it turned to yellow and then a green sky with the sun, the earth after the rain violet, sparkling here and there where it caught the reflection of the setting sun.

The low evening sun to the west and the shadow of the man standing on the road suggests that the vineyard is north facing. The shimmering road and the bright yellow reflection of the sun on the road suggests that the road is very wet and that there might have been a heavy rain recently. The muddy areas in the foreground also hint at the wet conditions.

All the women that are in the foreground picking the grapes are bent over from the hip, suggesting an air of hard work and that perhaps it was demanded of them from the figure on the road standing watch over them. Bending over from the hip would have been extremely difficult on the lower back and the women would have been exhausted after a day picking.

While the yellow, orange and reds of the painting captured a beautiful and vibrant natural setting, it also contrasts with the toiling of the women. This is consistent with most of Van Gogh’s paintings in that there was always a sense of melancholy, whether subtle or obvious.

Source by Isabella Cerruti

Best Cover Letters For Getting Job Interviews

There’s no doubt about it. People who write the best cover letters get the best job interviews. Research shows that the most effective, cover letters have a number of common characteristics. They follow a 3-part format that consistently garners positive results and earns the job applicants who wrote them highly sought after job interviews.

Even if you’re not a great writer, you can write great cover letters by following the format listed below. Use this format to write the best cover letters for getting job interviews. If you write your cover letter and still aren’t comfortable with the result, have no fear. The link at the end of the article offers cover letter writing services and software that may assist you.

But first things first…

1. Grab Attention in Your First Paragraph is the first tip to writing best cover letters for getting job interviews.

Hiring managers review hundreds of cover letters and resumes for every job they fill. To get attention, your cover letter must stand out. Here are examples of effective and interesting first paragraphs. Choose the one that works best for your situation and modify it to suit your needs.

State how your skills and experience match the job description and would be a benefit to the organization.

  • Example: After graduating from Northeastern University with a B.S. in Computer Graphic Technology, I spent the summer interning in New York City at Sunrise Communications. During that time, I brainstormed ideas and story concepts with Sunrise’s Creative Team. I drew detailed storyboards that formed the basis for local and international TV advertisements. At Sunrise, I learned to share ideas, accept criticism and problem-solve in a high-pressured environment.
  • Example: In response to this opportunity, I would like to call attention to my experience in producing and directing numerous PR events throughout Orange County as well as my large network of both celebrity and national media contacts.
  • Example: Since graduating from Simmons College Prince Program of Retail Management, I’ve been involved in all aspects of retail, from front-of-the-store management and training to inventory planning, buying, and merchandising. I have worked in both specialty and mass markets and have broad-based experience dealing with customers, fellow employees, management, and vendors. I thrive in a fast-paced environment and feel energized by the thought of helping manage the L.L. Bean Women’s Department.

If you’ve talked with the hiring manager, use the first paragraph to remind her of the conversation.

  • Example: Thank you for calling me about the Character Animator position posted on Pixar’s website. I enjoyed talking with you and learning more about this position.

If appropriate, don’t be afraid to name drop.

  • Example: Henry Smith, who supervised my work as a summer intern with your firm, recommended that I apply for the position of Associate Attorney.

Mention something you know about the organization.

  • Example: I read the June 10th issue of The Kentucky Sun with great interest. The article, “How One Restaurant Makes a Difference” applauded Pannucci’s contribution to the Good Shepherd Food Bank. I believe my experience as a pastry chef as well as my work on the Eastside Food Pantry’s Board of Directors makes me a perfect candidate for the position of Pannucci Head Pastry Chef.
  • Example: Cuddledown’s branded voice is recognizable and respected; its high-quality products are well positioned in the market. I would welcome the chance to develop and execute marketing strategies to increase sales and distribution of the company’s products.

Get their attention by asking a question.

  • Example: Are you looking for a self-motivated individual who has organized large-scale events and significantly improved customer retention?

2. Keep Their Attention in the Middle is the second tip to write best cover letters for getting job interviews.

As you write, keep the company’s point of view in mind. Try to anticipate what the hiring manager is looking for and include that information. If you have an employment gap or some other item on your resume that you think the hiring manager will question, succinctly and without apology, answer the issue in the middle section of your cover letter.

In the middle section of your cover letter, tell how your education and experience match the job description. Use specific examples to show how your skills meet the job requirements..

  • Example: To manage this department, I would call on my experience at Jordan Marsh as the Liz Claiborne Department Manager. There, I merchandised product and motivated my sales team to generate the highest company-wide sales volume for dress collections. I am a natural sales person and definitely “have a knack” for merchandising and visual presentation.
  • Example: Throughout my years as a caseworker, I have helped many clients identify and apply for jobs that match their skill sets. I believe my dedication to the people I serve and my ability to identify and match

Analysis of the Mona Lisa Painting

Leonardo Da Vinci was born and raised in Italy where the Mona Lisa was ultimately painted started in 1503. The style of the painting has long been cited as the forerunner of numerous styles of art, one of the true masterpieces in the history of world art.

A Description of Mona Lisa

Painting the Mona Lisa, Leonardo elevated himself into another station of artist, those that create new forms and perspectives. The relatively small painting of Mona Lisa manages to craft one of the most intense and effective art experience into a compact 30″ by 20 ½” frame. As for what kind of paint Mona Lisa was originally envisioned with, oils were used on poplar wood panel and have been restored numerous times. In recent years, curators at the Louvre have begun to worry that the painting appears to be breaking down more rapidly than in the past.

Leonardo places his model in the midst of the painting, using a pyramid design to center her. The fold of her hands forms the front of the pyramid and he uses the same glowing light for her breast, neck and face. His lighting is important as he uses it to create many of the geometric shapes – circles and spheres – that compose the painting. The form of the painting itself is very simple, a modification of the Seated Madonna, a form very popular during the 15th and 16th centuries for portraits.

What Does the Mona Lisa Mean?

He modifies the formula however, creating a sense of distance between the sitter and observer, mostly utilizing the arm chair on which she rests. Everything about her posture speaks reservation and silence. However, her eyes silently meet the gaze of the observer, drawing the viewer into her eye line. Everything surrounding her face is dark, bringing that much more focus to the light of her face and the attraction it provides. The overall effect is a kind of natural attraction to her, drawn in by her appearance, but it immediately contrasts with the distance Leonardo creates between subject and observer.

The landscape of the painting has long been pointed out as the first instance of portrait on landscape. Seated in the midst of an open loggia with what appears to be pillars on either side of her, a vast landscape stretches out towards an icy mountain range. The curves of her hair and clothing are emulated in the waves of the landscape and steady curves in the river and hills behind her. The question has thus arisen as to whether the Mona Lisa is as much a portrait as it is the depiction of an ideal. The harmony between the model and the landscape behind her creates a sort of natural order, all punctuated by the detail of her mouth and that world famous smile.

The Smile

For centuries, historians, psychologists, writers, and politicians have been trying to offer their own theories as to what the smile of Mona Lisa might signify. Freud characterized it as an allusion to an Oedipus complex (he was in love with his mother) in Da Vinci while others have stated that it is a sign of innocence and calm. The question of why the smile is seen in so many different ways has become almost as big of a research subject as the smile itself. There have been scientists who point out the special relations of the smile and how human sight picks up on them. Margaret Livingstone, a professor at Harvard claims that the painting is most effective when viewed peripherally. The smile is more effective when looking at her eyes for example.

In 2005 a computer program was used that analyzes facial expressions for emotional recognition to assign “emotional” values to the smile. That program found her to be 83% happy. Regardless of Da Vinci’s intentions, the smile of the Mona Lisa is one of the most enduring questions in all of art.

Mona Lisa Analysis Today

Because of the research and attention the Mona Lisa has drawn, more than a few dozen people have tried their hand at recreating it. Hundreds of copies reside in different art galleries around the world, some of which their owners believe to be the original. Recently, an internet phenomenon has arise in which a clever MS Paint user was able to make a video showing how to make the Mona Lisa on paint, the free graphics program bundled with Windows. Copying the Mona Lisa has long been a standard test of an artist’s tenacity and skill.

Source by Colin Andrews